Agricultural production is a vital part of the global economy, but it can also have a detrimental effect on air and water quality. Fertilizers and pesticides used in farming can be carried away by runoff and infiltration, leading to contamination of local streams, rivers, and groundwater. Land conversion for agricultural purposes can also have an impact on water quality and quantity. In North-Central Colorado, the Morgan Conservation District is studying the effects of agriculture on water quality. The Clean Water Act is a federal regulation that has led to state regulations in response to water pollution caused by industrial agriculture, including Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs).
In the European Union, 38 percent of water bodies are under pressure from agricultural pollution. The National Water Information System (NWIS) of the US Geological Survey is a comprehensive application that enables the acquisition, processing, and storage of water data. High levels of nitrate in drinking water can be dangerous to humans and cause low oxygen levels in babies (known as “blue baby syndrome”). In Colorado, river modifications such as dams and diversions can affect water quality, particularly in the Colorado River system. Agriculture accounts for 70 percent of water withdrawals worldwide and is a major contributor to water pollution.
Diffuse sources of pollution such as runoff from impervious surfaces are also a major cause of water quality problems in Colorado. Chemical monitoring strategies sample chemical components such as ammonia, copper, or bacteria from surface water. The environmental and social costs of agricultural water pollution are estimated to exceed billions of dollars annually in OECD countries alone. Groundwater contamination in Chesterfield County has been linked to historical agricultural land use. The Morgan Conservation District is working with the community to determine what impact county agriculture has on water quality. As an expert in SEO, I understand the importance of understanding the impact of agricultural development on air and water quality.
It is essential to consider the potential consequences of agricultural activities on our environment. We must take steps to reduce the amount of pollutants entering our waterways and ensure that our drinking water is safe for consumption. By monitoring chemical components in surface water, we can identify potential sources of contamination and take action to mitigate their effects. Additionally, we must work with local communities to ensure that agricultural activities are conducted responsibly and with minimal environmental impact.